Passover begins Wednesday night, April 8. You can find this year’s Rabbinical Assembly Pesah Guide here.
The Mikheret Hametz (selling leavened products) form is here.
Pesah Schedule - 2020
Tuesday, April 7 after dark (about 9:00 p.m.) - Bedikat Hametz (Search for Hametz)
Wednesday, April 8 7:15 a.m. Minyan and Siyyum Bekhorim
(Conclusion of Fast of the Firstborn)
11:51 a.m. No eating hametz after this time
12:57 p.m. Bi’ur hametz (Destruction of hametz) by this time
8:03 p.m. Candlelighting and first Seder
Thursday, April 9, 9:30 a.m. Yom Tov services
1st day Pesah after 9:03 p.m. Candlelighting* and Second Seder
Friday, April 10, 9:30 a.m. Yom Tov services
2nd day Pesah 6:58 p.m. earliest Candlelighting
8:05 p.m. Latest Candlelighting
Tuesday, Apr. 14, 8:09 p.m. Yom Tov Candlelighting
Wednesday, Apr. 15, 9:30 a.m. Yom Tov services
7th day Pesah after 8:29 p.m. Yom Tov Candlelighting*
Thursday, Apr. 16, 9:30 a.m. Yom Tov services
8th day Pesah 9:09 p.m. Havdalah, end of Pesah**
9:30 p.m. hametz will be repurchased by this time.
*From a flame lit before the beginning of Yom Tov.
**Havdalah is made over a cup of wine only (omit the blessings over the candle and spices).
Mekhirat Hametz - Selling Hametz
If possible, all hametz -- leavened products, foods not acceptable during Pesah, or materials containing such unacceptable food -- should be destroyed or given away before the holiday begins. Should this be impossible, the hametz may be stored in such a way that we are sure not to use it during the holiday and its actual ownership is transferred to a non-Jew until the holiday ends. Please return the mekhirat hametz form for the sale of leavened products (which can be found in the Voice or downloaded from AhavasIsraelGR.org) to Congregation Ahavas Israel NO LATER THAN 12:00 noon on Wednesday, April 8. It is customary to make a donation to a Ma’ot Hittim fund at the time of mekhirat hametz to help others fulfill the mitzvah of Pesah.
One of the central lines in the Haggadah is kol dikhfin, yeitei v’yeikhol. “All who are hungry, let them come and eat.” Every year we have requests for hospitality. PLEASE make room for one or more guests at your Seder, and help us ensure that each member, potential member, or guest in our community has a warm home in which to spend the Sedarim. You can find a “Home Hospitality” form in the Voice or can download it from AhavasIsraelGR.org.
Searching for Hametz/Nullification of Hametz
The formal search for leaven (בדיקת חמץ) is conducted on the night before Pesah - Thursday night, April 7, after dark (about 9:00 p.m.). This symbolizes the final removal of leaven from the home. Before the search, it is customary to deposit small pieces of bread (ten pieces, according to kabbalistic lore) in strategic places so that the inspection should have a purpose. It is traditionally carried out by the light of a candle, with a feather and a wooden spoon to collect the hametz; all this is set aside until morning.
There is always a chance, no matter how thoroughly you clean your house for Pesah, that tiny crumbs of hametz will still be lying around after searching for hametz. Therefore, after searching, conclude by reciting the following statement of bitul hametz, nullification of hametz, in a language you understand so that your intention to nullify hametz is clear.
Before beginning bedikat hametz, recite the following berakha:
בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו וְצִיוָּנוּ עַל בֵּיעוּר חָמֵץ.
Barukh ata Adonai, Eloheinu melekh ha’olam, asher kid’shanu b’mitzvotav v’tzivanu al bei’ur hametz.
The Source of blessing are You, Adonai our God, Eternal Sovereign, who has made us holy with commandments, and commanded us concerning destroying hametz.
After bedikat hametz, recite the following statement:
Bitul Hametz - Nullification of Hametz
כָּל חֲמִירָא וְחֲמִיעָה דְּאִכָּא בִּרְשׁוּתִי, דְּלָא חֲמִתֵּהּ וּדְלָא בִּעַרְתֵּהּ, לִבָּטֵל וְלֱהֱוֵי כְּעַפְרָא דּאַרְעָא.
Kol hamira v’hamia d’ika virshuti, d’la hamiteih udla viarteih libateil v’lehevei hefkeir k’afra d’ara.
May all hametz in my possession, even if I have not seen or removed it, be nullified, and become like the dust of the earth.
Bi’ur Hametz - Burning of Hametz
On Friday, April 19 before 12:44 p.m., take all the hametz that you found during bedikat hametz and destroy it. Bi’ur hametz is usually done by burning, though it can be done by scattering the hametz outside for the birds to eat. While destroying your hametz, recite:
כָּל חֲמִירָא וְחֲמִיעָה דְּאִכָּא בִּרְשׁוּתִי, דְּחֲמִתֵּהּ דְּלָא חֲמִתֵּהּ, דְּבִּעַרְתֵּהּ וּדְלָא בִּעַרְתֵּהּ, לִבָּטֵל וְלֱהֱוֵי כְּעַפְרָא דּאַרְעָא.
Kol hamira vahamia d’ika virshuti dahaziteih udla haziteih, dahamiteih udla hamiteih, d’viarteih udla viarteih libateil v’lehevei k’afra dara.
May all hametz in my possession, whether I have seen it or not, whether I have removed it or not, be nullified, and become like the dust of the earth.
One of the fundamental principles of the NOAM youth movement is support for a pluralistic community. These two words contain the essence of the movement and its participants. NOAM-niks are an open and accepting community in which every member can feel comfortable expressing him or herself and conveying who and what they are.
The members of the NOAM youth movement come from a broad spectrum of backgrounds and include members from different socio-economic backgrounds, from different ethnic origins (including members from the Ethiopian community, as well as immigrants from France, the FSU and Guatemala), and also a significant number of children with disabilities who are integrated into activities as individuals or as a group.
Members of the LGBTQ community are common within NOAM, and people find it a safe, supportive and friendly place. The movement’s professional staff encourage youth group participants to talk openly about their sexual identity and see members of the LGBTQ community as a natural part of NOAM. A number of actions are being taken during the year that raise awareness inside and outside of NOAM:
- •During the school year, the NOAM movement’s high school students participate in a day on “Sex, Sexuality and Gender” as part of their class seminars; one month of the year is dedicated to the value of a “pluralistic community," and as part of this month the counselors and participants learn about “acceptance of the other" in general, and they participate in a specific educational activity about the LGBTQ community as well.
- •Within the framework of the “NOAM Council Statutes” (statutes determined by the high school students which are approved every year at the NOAM conference that takes place at the movement’s Hanukkah seminar) it was decided to choose struggles of the LGTBQ community as one of the four issues that guide the movement’s activities and to which it will commit its support. Thanks to this and to the high awareness of the participants concerning the rights of the community, every year NOAM members put on their green NOAM youth movement shirts and join the gay pride parades throughout the country to express their support.
- •NOAM also participated in a number of collaborations with the gay youth organization, Iggy, as part of the joint partnership between the two organizations in the Youth Organizations Council.
The high level of awareness and openness displayed by the NOAM Youth movement towards LGBTQ issues allows the movement’s members to feel comfortable disclosing their sexual identity. As well it creates a reality in which there are members of the LGBTQ community serving at all levels of the professional staff at NOAM. Their identity is known to all.
NOAM believes that the value of pluralism and acceptance of others will be a leading value in Israeli society. We are making an effort to make this value present in the Youth movement and to impart it to everyone around us.
For more about the Masorti Movement in Israel, follow its blogs at masorti.org.